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Palaeoclimatology Lab

The Palaeoclimatology Lab of the University of Vigo aims at the paleoclimatic record of the last million years to quantitatively determine: (i) the pace, magnitude and rate of oceanic climate change in the past; and (ii) the relationships between forcing, feedback and responses of the climate system under natural conditions (not anthropogenic).

 

We use geochemical, micropaleontological and sedimentological tools, as well as probabilistic statistics to reconstruct key oceanographic and climatic parameters such as temperature, salinity, oceanic carbon chemistry and CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere.

Gianluca Marino Universidade de Vigo

   

  GIANLUCA MARINO    

Principal Investigator (PI)

 

 

 


 

 

Maider Plaza Morlote

MAIDER PLAZA MORLOTE

Posdoctoral Research Fellow








Elisabeth Losa-Adams

ELISABETH LOSA ADAMS

Posdoctoral Researcher








Natalia Bienzobas Montavez

NATALIA BIENZOBAS MONTAVEZ

PhD Student








Mattia Ferraro

  MATTÍA FERRARO

   Erasmus+ Student

TRopical Indian Ocean variability versus global (PAlaeo)Climate Change (TRIOPACC)  2020-2023
Marino, G. (PI), Rey García, D., Rubio, B., Plaza Morlote, M.
– Funding organization: Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017-2020
– Project partners: S.M. Bernasconi (ETH, Zurich, Switzerland); E.J. Rohling & J. Yu (Australian National University, Canberra, Australia); K. Thirumalai (University of Arizona, Tucson, USA).
 

University of Vigo start-up research package, program to attract excellent researcher talent 2018-2022

Marino, G. (PI)

– Funding organization: Universidade de Vigo

  • Losa-Adams, E., Gil-Lozano, C., Fairén, A., Bishop, J.L., Rampe, E. B., Gago-Duport, L. 2021. Long-lasting habitable periods in Gale crater constrained by glauconitic clays. Nature Astronomy.  DOI: 10.1038/s41550-021-01397-x
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  • Giaccio B, Marino, G., Marra F., Monaco L., Pereira, A., Zanchetta, G., Gaeta, M., Leicher, N., Nomade, S., Palladino, D.M., Sottili, G., Guillou, H., Scao, V., 2021. Tephrochronological constraints on the timing and nature of sea-level change prior to and during glacial termination V. Quaternary Science Reviews 263, 106976. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106976
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  • Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z.D., Anderson, R.F., Jian, Z., Piotrowski, A.M., Ma, X., Rohling, E.J., Zhang, F., Marino, G., McManus, J.F., 2020. Last glacial atmospheric CO2 decline due to widespread Pacific deep-water expansion. Nature Geoscience 13, 628–633. DOI: 10.1038/s41561-020-0610-5.
  • Highlighted in Nature Geoscience News & Views
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  • Rohling, E.J., Hibbert, F.D., Grant, K.M., Galaasen, E.V., Irvali, N., Kleiven, H.F., Marino, G., Ninnemann, U., Roberts, A.P., Rosenthal, Y., Schulz, H., Williams, F.H., Yu, J., 2019. Asynchronous Antarctic and Greenland ice-volume contributions to the last interglacial sea-level highstand. Nature Communications 10, 5040. DOI: 10.1038/s41467-019-12874-3
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  • Amies, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Marino, G., 2019. Quantification of African monsoon runoff during last interglacial sapropel S5. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 34 (8), 1487–1516. DOI: 10.1029/2019PA003652
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  • Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., Grant, K.M., Mayewski, P.A., Weninger, B., 2019. A model for archaeologically relevant Holocene climate impacts in the Aegean-Levantine region (easternmost Mediterranean). Quaternary Science Reviews 208, 38–53. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.02.009
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  • Bolton, C.T., Bailey, I., Friedrich, O., Tachikawa, K., de Garidel-Thoron, T., Vidal, L., Sonzogni, C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Robinson, M.M., Ermini, M., Koch, M., Cooper, M.J., Wilson, P.A., 2018. North Atlantic midlatitude surface-circulation changes through the Plio-Pleistocene intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology 33, 1186–1205. DOI: 10.1029/2018PA003412
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  • Rohling, E.J.*, Marino, G.*, Foster, G.L., Goodwin, P.A., von der Heydt, A.S., Köhler, P., 2018. Comparing climate sensitivity, past and present. Annual Review of Marine Science 10, 261–288. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063242*Joint lead authorship (invited contribution)
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  • Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Bernasconi, S.M., Marino, G., Heslop, D., Muüller, I.A., Fernandez, A., Grant, K.M., Rohling, E.J., 2017. Penultimate deglacial warming across the Mediterranean Sea revealed by clumped isotopes in foraminifera. Scientific Reports 7, 16572. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-16528-6
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  • Rohling, E.J., Hibbert, F.D., Williams, F.H., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Foster, G.L., Hennekam, R., de Lange, G.J., Roberts, A.P., Yu, J., Webster, J.M., Yokoyama, Y., 2017. Differences between the last two glacial maxima and implications for ice-sheet, d18O, and sea-level reconstructions. Quaternary Science Reviews 176, 1–28. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.09.009. (invited contribution)
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  • Chen, L., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Chang, L., Zhao,
  • X., McGregor, H.V., Marino, G., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Rohling, E.J., Pälike, H., 2017. Remanence acquisition efficiency in biogenic and detrital magnetite and recording of geomagnetic paleointensity. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems 18, 1435–1450. DOI: 10.1002/2016GC006753
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  • Thirumalai, K., Quinn, T.M., Marino, G., 2016. Constraining past seawater d18O and temperature records developed from foraminiferal geochemistry. Paleoceanography 31, 1409–1422. DOI: 10.1002/2016PA002970
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  • Clemens, S.C., Kuhnt, W., LeVay, L.J., and the Expedition 353 Scientists (including Marino, G.), 2016. Indian Monsoon Rainfall. Proceedings of the International Ocean Discovery Program 353: College Station, TX (International Ocean Discovery Program, IODP).
  • DOI: 10.14379/iodp.proc.353.2016
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  • Incarbona, A., Martrat, B., Mortyn, P.G., Sprovieri, M., Ziveri, P., Gogou, A., Jordà, G., Xoplaki, E., Luterbacher, J., Langone, L., Marino, G., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Triantaphyllou, M., Di Stefano, E., Grimalt, J.O., Tranchida, G., Sprovieri, R., Mazzola, S., 2016. Mediterranean circulation perturbations over the last five centuries: Relevance to past Eastern Mediterranean Transient-type events. Scientific Reports 6, 29623, DOI: 10.1038/srep29623
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  • Grant, K.M., Grimm, R., Mikolajewicz, U., Marino, G., Ziegler, M., Rohling, E.J., 2016. The timing of Mediterranean sapropel deposition relative to insolation, sea-level and African monsoon changes.
  • Quaternary Science Reviews 140, 125–141. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.03.026
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  • Yu, J., Menviel, L., Jin, Z., Thornalley, D.J.R., Barker, S., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Cai, Y., Zhang, F., Wang, X., Dai, Y., Chen, P., Broecker, W.S., 2016. Sequestration of carbon in the deep Atlantic during the last glaciation. Nature Geoscience 9, 319–324 DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2657
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  • Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rodríguez-Sanz, L., Grant, K.M., Heslop, D., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., Yu, J., 2015. Bipolar seesaw control on last interglacial sea level. Nature 522, 197–201, DOI: 10.1038/nature14499. Highlighted in Nature News & Views
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  • Clemens, S.C., Kuhnt, W., LeVay, L.J., and the Expedition 353 Scientists (including Marino, G.), 2015. Expedition 353 Preliminary Report: Indian Monsoon Rainfall. International Ocean Discovery Program. DOI: 10.14379/iodp.pr.353.2015.
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  • Rohling, E.J., Marino, G., Grant, K.M., 2015. Mediterranean climate and oceanography, and the periodic development of anoxic events (sapropels). Earth-Science Reviews 143, 62–97, DOI: 10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.01.008. (Web of Science highly cited paper)
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  • Martínez-Botí, M.A.*, Marino, G.*, Foster, G.L., Ziveri, P., Henehan, M.J., Mortyn, P.G., Vance, D., 2015. Boron isotope evidence for oceanic carbon dioxide leakage during the last deglaciation. Nature 518, 219–222, DOI: 10.1038/nature14155. *Joint lead authorship.
  • Highlighted in Nature News & Views
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  • Scussolini, P., Marino, G., Brummer, G.-J., Peeters, F.J.C., 2015. Saline Indian Ocean waters invaded the South Atlantic thermocline during glacial termination II. Geology 43, 139–142, DOI: 10.1130/G36238.1
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  • Kim, J.-H., Schouten, S., Rodrigo-Gámiz, M., Rampen, S., Marino, G., Huguet, C., Helmke, P., Buscail, R., Hopmans, E.C., Pross, J., Sangiorgi, F., Middelburg, J.J., Sinninghe Damsteé, J.S., 2015. Influence of deep-water derived isoprenoid tetraether lipids on the paleothermometer in the Mediterranean Sea. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 150, 125–141, DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2014.11.017
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  • Marino, G., Zahn, R., 2015. Agulhas Leakage: the missing link in the interhemispheric climate seesaw? Past Global Changes Magazine 23(1), 22–23. DOI: 10.22498/pages.23.1.22 (Invited Contribution).
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  • Mejía, L. M., Ziveri, P., Cagnetti, M., Bolton, C., Zahn, R., Marino, G., Martínez-Méndez, G., Stoll, H., 2014. Effects of midlatitude westerlies on the paleoproductivity at the Agulhas Bank slope during the penultimate glacial cycle: Evidence from coccolith Sr/Ca ratios. Paleoceanography 29, 697–714. DOI: 10.1002/2013PA002589
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  • Horigome, M.T., Ziveri, P., Grelaud, M., Baumann, K.-H., Marino, G., Mortyn, P.G., 2014. Environmental controls on the Emiliania huxleyi calcite mass. Biogeosciences 11(8), 2295–2308. DOI: 10.5194/bg-11-2295-2014.
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  • Rohling, E.J., Foster, G.L., Grant, K.M., Marino, G., Roberts, A.P., Tamisiea, M., Williams, F., 2014. Sea-level and deep-sea-temperature variability over the past 5.3 million years. Nature 508, 477–482.
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13230. (Web of Science highly cited paper)
  • Highlighted in Nature News & Views
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  • Marino, G., Zahn, R., Ziegler, M., Purcell, C., Knorr, G., Hall, I.R., Ziveri, P., Elderfield, H., 2013. Agulhas salt-leakage oscillations during abrupt climate changes of the Late Pleistocene. Paleoceanography 28, 599–606. DOI: 10.1002/palo.20038
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  • Zonneveld, K.A.F., Marret, F., Versteegh, G., Bogus, K., Bonnet, S., Bouimetarhan, I., Chen, L., Crouch, E., de Vernal, A., Elshanawany, R., Edwards, L., Esper, O., Forke, S., Grøsfjeld, K., Henry, M., Holzwarth, U., Kielt, J.-F., Kim, S.-Y., Ladouceur, S., Ledu, D., Limoges, A., Londeix, L., Lu, S.-H., Mahmoud, M.S., Marino, G., Matsouka, K., Matthiessen, J., Mildenhal, D.C., Mudie, P., Neil, H.L., Pospelova, V., Qi, Y., Radi, T., Richerol, T., Rochon, A., Sangiorgi, F., Solignac, S., Turon, J.-L., Verleye, T., Wang, Y., Wang, Z., Young, M., 2012. Atlas of dinoflagellate cyst distribution based on 2405 datapoints. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 191, 1–197. DOI: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2012.08.003. (Web of Science highly cited paper).
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  • Grelaud, M., Marino, G., Ziveri, P., Rohling, E.J., 2012. Abrupt shoaling of the nutricline in response to massive freshwater flooding at the onset of the last interglacial sapropel event. Paleoceanography 27, PA3208.
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012PA002288
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  • Kotthoff, U., Pross, J., Schmiedl, G., Bornemann, A., Kaul, C., Koutsodendris, A., Marino, G., Peyron, O., Schiebel, R., 2011. Impact of late glacial cold events on the Northern Aegean region reconstructed from marine and terrestrial proxy data. Journal of Quaternary Science 26(1), 86–96. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1430
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  • Osborne, A.H., Marino, G., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., 2010. Eastern Mediterranean surface water Nd during Eemian sapropel S5: monitoring northerly (mid-latitude) versus southerly (sub-tropical) freshwater contributions. Quaternary Science Reviews 29(19-20), 2473–2483.
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.05.015
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  • Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sangiorgi, F., Hayes, A., Casford, J.L., Lotter, A.F., Kucera, M., Brinkhuis, H., 2009. Early and middle Holocene in the Aegean Sea: interplay between high and low-latitude climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews 28 (27–28), 3246–3262.  DOI:  10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.08.011
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  • Triantaphyllou, M.V., Ziveri, P., Gogou, A., Marino, G., Lykousis, V., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.-C., Kouli, K., Dimiza, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Papanikolaou, M., Katsouras, G., Nunez, N., 2009. Late Glacial-Holocene climate variability at the south-eastern margin of the Aegean Sea. Marine Geology 266(1-4), 182-197. DOI: 10.1016/j.margeo.2009.08.005
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  • Van der Meer, M.T.J. Baas, M., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Schouten, S., 2007. Hydrogen isotopic compositions of long-chain alkenones record freshwater flooding of the Eastern Mediterranean at the onset of sapropel deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 262(3–4), 594–600. DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.08.014
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  • Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rijpstra, W.I., Sangiorgi, F., Schouten, S., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., 2007. The Aegean Sea as driver of hydrographic and ecological changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Geology 35(8), 675–678. DOI: 10.1130/G23831A.1

Article in The Conversation “El desprendimiento de los mayores icebergs antárticos, una señal de alarma” by G. Marino and E. Losa Adams (2021).

 

Presentations in high schools of Vigo and Nigrán (Galicia, Spain) El CO2, ¿ayuda o amenaza la vida en nuestro planeta?” pre-events within the framework of the initiative “European Researchers Night”, Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions (European Commission). Staff involved: E. Losa Adams, N. Bienzobas Montavez & G. Marino (2021). 

The Palaeoclimatology Lab seeks enthusiastic, early-career researchers interested in the quantitative analysis of (past) ocean and climate change. If you want to work and/or collaborate with us get in touch:

 

CACTI – CINBIO, Universidade de Vigo,
Campus Lagoas Marcosende S/N, 36310 Vigo,
Spain.

 

To see the location click here